The Central Balkan National Park – A Natural Temple in Bulgaria
Central Balkan National Park is one of the largest and most important natural territories, aiming at preserving and conserving the natural setting and the wild nature heritage in the Stara Planina Mountains in Bulgaria. It is included in every travel guide of the country; the Park is like a temple of nature; a precious territory that can preserve not only the flora of the region, but also the customs and traditions of the local population.
The wooded area of the park is approximately 44,000.8 hectares and the treeless part 27,668.7 hectares and features numerous species, rare or not: people who travel there can admire 166 known species of medicinal plants, 230 species of moss, 256 species of mushrooms, and 208 species of algae are just a few of the featured species of the park.
The Park is one of the protected areas of the UN, included in the World Biosphere Reserves Network, administrated by UNESCO. The European Union has launched a Biotopes program, named Corine, protecting places of ornithological interest. It is also a certified member of the very well appointed European Network of protected areas, called PAN parks. The administration and conservation responsibility of the Park belongs to the State.
There are nine natural reserves that compound the one third of the territory of the Central Balkan National Park – these are – Boatin, Tsarichina, Kozya Stena, Steneto, Severen Djendem, Peeshti Skali, Sokolna, Djendema and Stara Reka (the old river).
The main goal of the Park’s administration is to protect and preserve the diverse species of nature, but also to support and encourage educative and research activities in the region; these scientific activities can create the necessary conditions for the tourist development of the region. Eco tourism is the main theme here. This is the reason why the Main Board of Administration of the Central Balkan National Park has been providing large pieces of information and material regarding the landmarks, attractions and species that reside in the park and the surrounding region.