Yamuna River – Tributary of the Ganges
A tributary of the Ganges River, Yamuna River is also called Jumna or Jamuna. The river is 851 miles long, making it the Ganges Rivers largest tributary. The headwater of the river is Yamunotir in the Himalayas. The tributary runs through Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi. It also passes Allahabad, Baghpat, Hamipur, de, Noida, Kalpi, Mathura, and Etawah The tributary itself is so large it has its own tributaries. These are Tons, Ken, Chambal, and Betwa.
The river is much polluted and is often described as a sewer. Tourist’s guides often say it is one of the worst polluted rivers in the entire world. New Delhi dumps nearly 60% of its wastes directly into the river. Clean up efforts have been initiated, but unfortunately they have not worked. The water treatment facilities that are available are mostly broken or do not have enough funding to work properly. The government has made a promise to clean up the Yamuna River within the next five years.
There are archeological records that seem to say the river has changed its course. It may once have been a tributary of the Ghaggar River. Its source may have changed due to a tectonic plate event somewhere in northern India. There are several religious connotations to the river as well. It is associated with the Goddess of the River, Yami. Yami is the sister of the God of Death, Yama and is the daughter of the sun God, Surya and his wife Samjna. The river is also considered important for religious beliefs regarding Krishna.
The Yamuna River is an important and very long tributary of the River Ganges. Their religious importances as well as its importance as a waterway indicate the importance that the river be cleaned up from its massive pollution problem.