Mongolia- The Nomadic Country of the East
Typical steppe landscape
Mongolia is a large country situated at the borders of Central Asia and the Far East, sharing common borders with Russia and China. Its capital city and most known one is Ulan Bator where more than 40% of the population resides. Mongolian population is a mixture of Chinese, Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other nations; the country has been occupied and reigned by several ethnicities and countries, among which the Rourans, several Chinese Dynasties and Turks. Several minorities reside today in the country, although most of them are nomadic and are not yet officially recognised.
Mongolia is today a republic, although when it was founded it was an Empire. The Emperor and Founder of the country was Genghis Khan, the renowned warrior and Emperor, who founded the Mongolian Empire in 1200s. A few centuries later, the Empire collapsed and the Mongolian people became nomads. The mixture of the Mongolian population with other ethnicities comes as a normal result of the nomadic way of living and the numerous occupations of the Mongol country. The country became independent in 1924 although it managed to become a republic during the 90s. Although its population is hardly 3 million people, the country itself is large. It is estimated that Mongolia is the 19th greatest country in the world in terms of size.
The predominant religion in the country has been Lamaist Buddhism, although after the Chinese Revolution, the country had to follow the most conventional paths of Buddhism. The population is either nomadic or semi nomadic. The name of the country comes from the name of the tribe whose leader was Khan. If you plan to visit the country and check a travel guide, you might find different names for the country; some of the most commonly used are the Outer Mongolia and the Mongolian State, although none of those is the official name.