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Hanoi

14 May, 2009

Hanoi – The Capital Of Vietnam

Hanoi

Hanoi is the capital city of Vietnam with almost 4 million inhabitants, situated at the banks of the River Red almost 1700 kilometers away from Saigon, which is now called Ho Chi Minh City. It is the second largest city in the country and boasts a long and complicated history. Although it has always been the commercial and cultural hub of Vietnam since 1010, from 1887 to 1954 it was also the Capital City of the Indochine. It became capital of North Vietnam until 1976.

Hanoi boasts a long history; it is said that the first residents came to the area 3000 years before Christ, while there are remains of a large settlement from 250 BC. Despite the long history, the city became famous due to two wars; first of all during the World War Two, the city was occupied by the Japanese who stayed there until the end of the War. Ho Chi Minh proclaimed Vietnam independent in 1945, but one year later the French reign fell once more to the country. However, this time, the Vietnamese fought the French and managed to get rid of them nine years later, when North Vietnam became independent.

The second very know moment in the history of Hanoi, which you can find in every travel guide, refers to the War in Vietnam. The city was heavily bombed and most of the constructions and infrastructure of the city, such as bridges, railways and buildings were completely destroyed. The conditions of living for the habitants were quite hard as no transportation and no support came during the war.

In 1976, when North and South Vietnam merged, Hanoi became the capital city of the united country of Vietnam and is still the cultural centre of the country, featuring gorgeous monuments for the thousands of tourists that started visiting the country since the 80s.

Hanoi

Hanoi

Hanoi

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