Sumptuous Melbourne City
Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia and has a population of 3.8 million people. It is the capital of the Australian state of Victoria. Located at the bottom of the Yarra River, the city was founded by settlers from Van Diemen’s land. Aided by the Victorian Gold Rush, the city saw a large influx of citizens and quickly became a wealth metropolis. By the 1880’s, it was one of the richest cities in the entire world.
Host to much national and international conference such as the 1956 summer Olympics, The World Economic Forum 2000, the Commonwealth Head of Government meeting and the 2006 Commonwealth Games; it is a major center for education, tourism, commerce, culture and the arts. Considered to be one of the world’s most livable cities, Melbourne is the home to many of Australia’s most important sporting event, cultural events and institutions. Eclectic blends of contemporary and Victorian architecture give this city its unique flair.
Prior to the arrival of the Europeans, the area was inhibited for approximately 40,000 years by three aboriginal tribes: Wathaurong, Boonwurrung and Wurundjeri. It was a vital location for water and food. The first settlement of Europeans in the area was in 1785. The Victorian Gold Rush of the 1850 lead to a huge population growth and the city became a service center and the regions major port. A devastating smallpox outbreak in the early 1860’s decimated the city.
The moderate Oceanic Climate is known for its quickly changing wealth patters. It is colder than most of Australia, but still sees snow each year. The spring is an extended period of moderate weather that is prized by the citizens.
An important cultural and economic center in Australia, Melbourne has benefited from the many attractions within the city. A popular tourist location, it is a very popular place to visit.