Diverse Beauty in Yosemite National Park
Located in the counties of Tuolumne, Madera and Mariposa c of California, Yosemite National Park is 761, 266 acres of park land. Encompassing parts of the Sierra Nevada’s, the park has over 3.5 million visitors each year. Most of these visitors spend their time in a relatively small portion of the park known as the Yosemite Valley. In 1984, the park was named a World Heritage Site and it renowned for its waterfalls, granite cliffs, clear streams, and giant Sequoia groves. 95% of the park is considered wilderness and it is one of the first national parks in the country.
The park has a vast number of animals and plants and has five vegetation zones. These are: Alpine, upper montane, chaparral woodland, sup alpine and lower montane. There over 3500 separate plant species represent in Yosemite National Park, with 160 of them being considered protected or rare examples of vegetation.
The topography of Yosemite is based on granite rocks and older rock remnants. When the Sierra Nevada Mountains uplifted 10,000,000 years ago, the gentle tilt formed soft western slopes and much more pronounced slopes to the east. The mountain also created many deep and narrow cannons. Glaciers from 1,000,000 years ago at the higher altitude moved downs into the valley and created the unique u0-shapes the valley is famous for today.
Visitors flock to Yosemite National Park to see its many famous sites. El Capitan is one of the world premier rock climbing destinations because of its various routes and easy accessibility. The Half Dome and Sentinel Rock are granite domes famous eth world round. Visitors also flock to Cathedral Range, Tuolumne Meadows and Kuna Crest, not to mention the souring peaks of rock such as Mount Gibbs, Mount Lyle, Mount Conness and Mount Dana. Several river systems see their origins in Sierra Nevada’s and have created over 3000 canyons. Topography including flooding, glaciations and geomphoric response has created landform unique to the park.
The soaring mountain ranges, deep canyons and beautiful waterfalls of Yosemite National Park make it one of the most visited parks in the country.