Bergen – A Cultural Delight
Bergen is the second largest city in Norway. It covers a total area of almost 500 square kilometers. Over a quarter of a million people live here. This city is the administrative center of Hordaland, a county in Norway. It is a cultural center and it was honored with the title of European Capital of Culture in 2000. It was founded by Olav Kyrre, at the beginning of the second millennium. The city occupies the majority of the peninsula with the same name. The city is within the mountains, among the group of “the seven mountains”. There are also large groups of immigrants: Iraqi, Vietnamese, Chilean, Polish and Sri Lankan Tamil.
Bergen, also known as “The City of Rain” has a rainy weather. Its annual precipitations are over 2250 mm. The cause of this is the mountains. Due to the global warming, precipitations are expected to increase. Severe storms and major floods are also expected, that will cause landslides. Another consequence of the global warming is the rising of the sea levels. Byrggen is regularly flooded at extreme tide. This makes people worry what will happen next.
The city has an university, which is currently the third largest university in Norway and an university college. Besides this, there are also other educational facilities like: Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen School of Architecture and Naval Academy. There are also 64 elementary schools and about 40 secondary schools. The largest institutions in the city are University and Haukeland University Hospital.
The economy of the city is based on maritime businesses such as aquaculture and marine research. Also, tourism is an important income source of the city too. There are many cultural attractions in the city like Philharmonic Orchestra or Woodwind Quintet. Bergen even has two professional football teams.