The Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna – Living History
The Schönbrunn Palace is one of the most famous and popular tourist attractions in Vienna Austria and a cultural monument of significant importance. Since 1960, when it opened as a museum to guests and tourists, thousands of travellers flock here to admire the remains and exhibits of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Both the palace and its gardens are notorious for their beauty and style. It was the summer palace of the Emperors of Austria, a unique art building with stunning landscape.
The Schönbrunn Palace took its name from the words beautiful well; according to the historical facts, there was an artesian well used for water by the residents of the palace. It has been the main residence of all major Hapsburg emperors, but it was mostly associated with Franz Josef 1 of Austria and the Empress Sissi of Austria. Franz Joseph was born and raised there and spent the biggest part of his life in the palace, until he dies in 1916. It was during his reign that the palace became so popular, as it obtained the reputation of a work of art. After the fall of monarchy, the Palace was preserved by the Austrian Republic. It became a part of Unesco’s World Heritage Buildings in 1996.
The gardens of the Schönbrunn Palace are still considered to be almost ‘unreal’ charming the visitors; the gardens boast 32 different sculptures. The part between the palace and the Neptune wall is referred to as the Great Ground Floor, designed by Jean Trehet in 1690.
The oldest zoo in the world is also located here; there is also a Palm House, an orangerie, and an English-type garden in the west. The sculptures dispersed all over the gardens depict deities from the Greek mythology.
The Schönbrunn palace and its landscaped gardens have been used as set for several films – the most known one is the biographical series about Sissi.